Fall / automne 2021

Architecture de la salle de classe québécoise : analyse historique et morphologique

Sarahlou Wagner-Lapierre
Université Laval
Alexandre Zarié
Université Laval
Published November 5, 2021
  • School architecture,
  • typo-morphology,
  • archives,
  • elementary school,
  • classroom,
  • Quebec (province of)
  • ...More
How to Cite
Wagner-Lapierre, Sarahlou, and Alexandre Zarié. 2021. “Architecture De La Salle De Classe québécoise : Analyse Historique Et Morphologique”. Historical Studies in Education / Revue d’histoire De l’éducation 33 (2). https://doi.org/10.32316/hse-rhe.v33i2.4905.


The aim of this paper is to document the factors that have influenced the particular evolution of classrooms in elementary schools. To this end, a set of archival documents tracing the history of Quebec's school buildings since the end of the 19th century was collected. The data collected was analyzed using a thematic classification of the semantic units identified in these texts. This made it possible to identify, from the discourses of a group of actors who contributed to the process of defining school spaces (e.g. architects, politicians, administrators, etc.), the main reasons given to explain their conceptual choices according to the construction period. These reasons were then associated with the classroom configurations identified in a representative sample of Quebec primary school buildings.