Spring/printemps 2005

Politique, religion et fait scolaire en Afrique de l’Ouest. Le cas des écoles catholiques de Côte-d’Ivoire (1945-1992)

Éric Lanoue
Sociologue au CNRS/centre d'étude d'Afrique noire (Bordeaux)
Published May 1, 2005
How to Cite
Lanoue, Éric. 2005. “Politique, Religion Et Fait Scolaire En Afrique De l’Ouest. Le Cas Des écoles Catholiques De Côte-d’Ivoire (1945-1992)”. Historical Studies in Education / Revue d’histoire De l’éducation 17 (1), 29-54. https://doi.org/10.32316/hse/rhe.v17i1.415.


The Catholic schools in former colonies have attracted the attention of the social sciences over three main aspects: the construction of political-religious relationships, the role played by these schools in the socialization of young scholars, and the affinity of colonized peoples with sacred and profane knowledge, especially in written form. In this paper, with reference to the first aspect, I analyze the evolution of Catholic schools of the Ivory Coast, a Frenchspeaking country of West Africa, from the colonial period until 1992. A major political event characterizes this evolution: the attainment of independence in 1960, which not only did not lead to the suppression of Catholic schools, but, on the contrary, promoted them. The article is particularly concerned with knowing which types of political-religious relationships were supported by this permanence of Ivory Coast Catholic schools, and, conversely, which it helped to construct and to remake.