Historical Studies in Education / Revue d'histoire de l'éducation 2020-05-30T06:48:39-07:00 Penney Clark and Mona Gleason, Co-Editors Open Journal Systems <p>We publish articles on every aspect of education, from pre-school to university education, on informal as well as formal education, and on methodological and historiographical issues. We also look forward to articles which reflect the methods and approaches of other disciplines.&nbsp;Articles are published in English or French, from scholars in universities and elsewhere, from Canadians and non-Canadians, from graduate students, teachers, researchers, archivists and curators of educational museums, and all those who are interested in this field.</p> <p>La Revue publie des articles portant sur tous les aspects de l'éducation, depuis la maternelle jusqu’à l’université, tant formelle qu'informelle, y compris des réflexions méthodologiques et historiographiques. La Revue est également ouverte aux contributions reflétant les méthodes et les approches propres à d'autres disciplines.&nbsp;Les articles publiés, en français ou en anglais, sont le fait de scientifiques, universitaires ou non, de Canadiens et de non Canadiens, d’étudiants diplômés, d’enseignants, de chercheurs, d’archivistes, de conservateurs de musées scolaires et, enfin, de tous ceux qui sont intéressés par le domaine de l’histoire de l’éducation.</p> Front Matter 2020-05-30T06:47:24-07:00 K. M. Gemmell 2020-04-01T16:04:44-07:00 Copyright (c) 2020 In Memoriam: J. Donald Wilson, 1936-2019 2020-05-30T06:48:39-07:00 William Bruneau 2020-04-01T16:07:55-07:00 Copyright (c) 2020 William Bruneau « [L’]utilisateur du bataillon de jeunes Québécois » : le patronat québécois et les institutions universitaires, 1980-2012 2020-05-30T06:48:36-07:00 Maxime Colleret <p>This article examines the academic ideals of two of Quebec's largest employer organizations, the Conseil du patronat du Québec and the Board of Trade of Metropolitan Montreal. By studying the interventions of these organizations from 1980 to 2012, we highlight their conception of the social function of the university and their main requests in terms of training and research. First, we show that business leaders conceive academic institutions as technology incubators necessary to support "international competition" in a free trade environment. Second, we argue that it is this conception of the university and a fundamentally neoliberal ideology that pushes employers to demand the institutionalization of university-industry relations and the increase in tuition fees, for which they've been lobbying since 1986.</p> 2020-04-01T16:09:24-07:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Maxime Colleret Tripwires and Whisky Tenors: Student-Faculty Relationships in Alberta’s Normal Schools During the 1930s 2020-05-30T06:48:33-07:00 Shawn Brackett <p>For the first half of the twentieth century, most prospective teachers in Alberta pursued certification by attending provincial normal school in Calgary, Camrose, or Edmonton. “Normalites” (as students called themselves) formed relationships with instructors that proved significant in their personal and professional lives. Faculty members acted <em>in loco parentis</em> as they guided students transitioning from learners to teachers. Instructors fostered typical notions of gender and the idealized teacher model, and their relationships with students characterized student life. Drawing upon Robert Patterson’s Project Yesteryear questionnaires, yearbooks, and annual reports, this article examines the social worlds of normal schools. Educational historians in Canada have long examined student life and culture, but more work has focused on universities than normal schools. This study suggests the importance of survey accounts and student-produced documents as ways to enrich administrative perspective of histories of student life.</p> 2020-04-01T16:10:42-07:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Shawn Brackett “One of the Boys”: Women at the Ontario Veterinary College in the Twentieth Century 2020-05-30T06:48:30-07:00 Kevin Woodger Elizabeth A. Stone <p>For much of the twentieth century, veterinary medicine was a male-dominated profession. This dominance extended to the veterinary schools, which acted as professional gatekeepers. Gender, therefore, was a central organizing principle of the veterinary profession as well as of veterinary education. We argue that the Ontario Veterinary College (OVC) was central to the process of professional gatekeeping and was a key site for the training of women veterinarians. Women applying to OVC faced admission practices that favoured male applicants. Those women who were accepted to OVC were met with the masculine culture of veterinary medicine. Despite these difficulties, women actively pursued veterinary training at OVC, including in areas for which they were widely believed to be unsuitable. However, while the number of women at OVC increased during the 1970s and 1980s, the view that women were not suited to veterinary medicine persisted among at least some faculty members.</p> 2020-04-01T16:13:34-07:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Kevin Woodger, Elizabeth A. Stone Child Labour, Parental Neglect, School Boards, and Teacher Quality: School Inspector Reports on the Supply and Demand of Schooling in Mid-nineteenth-century Sweden 2020-05-30T06:47:49-07:00 Germund Larsson Johannes Westberg <p>By examining the state school inspector reports of 1861–1863, which provide rich insights into the local conditions of schooling in Sweden, this article sheds further light on the wide range of factors that weakened school enrolment and attendance in nineteenth-century Sweden. In terms of parental demand, these included child labour on farms, at manors, and in industries; the transformation of the servant system among rural households; and religious practices, such as the confirmation and the beliefs of Protestant sectarian groups. On the supply side, factors that school inspectors reported included the inability of Swedish teacher seminars to examine enough teachers and the problematic behaviour of local school boards. As a result, this article provides additional input into the debate in educational history regarding the role of the state, religion, rural elites, and parents in the rise of mass schooling, while simultaneously providing further qualitative evidence to a quantitatively oriented research field in economic history on the determinants of schooling.</p> 2020-04-08T11:44:59-07:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Germund Larsson, Johannes Westberg Sputnik’s Children: History of the Major Work Program in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Schools, 1954–1972 2020-05-30T06:48:28-07:00 Reesa Sorin <p>Set in the context of the Cold War, the space race, and the 1957 Soviet launch of the Sputnik satellite, interest in gifted education, which had waned in the years leading up to the Second World War, was once again reignited in Canadian education. North America looked to its human capital, particularly in the areas of mathematics, science, and engineering to keep up with the Soviets. Departments of education in Canada and the United States prioritized the identification and nurturing of the “best and brightest” students for the sake of the nation. The Major Work program in Winnipeg, which began in 1954 and ended rather abruptly in 1972, seventeen years before the end of the Cold War, was one of many gifted programs introduced in Canada and the United States in an attempt to address the supposed innovation gap with the Soviet Union. This article looks at the rise of Winnipeg’s Major Work program in the 1950s, when society-centred rhetoric replaced earlier child-centred rhetoric and then itself was overridden by the 1970s social, economic, and political reforms, which again tended towards child-centred, integrated education.</p> 2020-04-01T16:15:00-07:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Reesa Sorin Convent Class Struggle: Lay Sisters and Choir Sisters in America 2020-05-30T06:48:25-07:00 E. Brian Titley <p>American Catholic sisterhoods of European origin usually featured a subgroup of servant nuns known as lay or coadjutrix sisters. Generally from poor backgrounds and with limited education, the coadjutrices did most of the physical labour in convents and were excluded from many of the privileges of choir sisters. Obliged to wear distinctive clothing that marked their inferior status, they were segregated from choir sisters during meals and recreation, denied opportunities for self-improvement, and excluded from singing the Divine Office and from governance of the community. Choir sisters, on the other hand, monopolized professional work, such as teaching, had access to higher education, and controlled all the leadership positions in the congregation. This paper examines the often difficult relations between lay and choir sisters and agitation by the former for better treatment and greater equality in the United States in the century prior to the Second Vatican Council.</p> 2020-04-01T16:16:32-07:00 Copyright (c) 2020 E. Brian Titley Denis Simard, Jean-François Cardin et Olivier Lemieux, dir., La pensée éducative et les intellectuels au Québec. La génération 1915-1930 2020-05-30T06:48:22-07:00 Normand Baillargeon 2020-04-01T16:18:15-07:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Normand Baillargeon Claire IsaBelle, dir., Le système scolaire franco-ontarien. D’hier à aujourd’hui pour le plein potentiel des élèves 2020-05-30T06:48:19-07:00 Jacques Touré 2020-04-01T16:18:51-07:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Jacques Touré Xavier Riondet, Rita Hofstetter et Henri Louis Go, dir., Les acteurs de l’Éducation nouvelle au XXe siècle : itinéraires et connexions 2020-05-30T06:47:47-07:00 Katryne Ouellet 2020-04-28T16:01:17-07:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Katryne Ouellet Stephen Jackson, Constructing National Identity in Canadian and Australian Classrooms: The Crown of Education 2020-05-30T06:48:15-07:00 George Buri 2020-04-01T16:19:50-07:00 Copyright (c) 2020 George Buri Kirsty Robertson, Tear Gas Epiphanies: Protest, Culture, Museums 2020-05-30T06:48:13-07:00 Carly Ciufo 2020-04-01T16:20:15-07:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Carly Ciufo Michelle Purdy, Transforming the Elite: Black Students and the Desegregation of Private Schools 2020-05-30T06:48:10-07:00 Ashley Dennis 2020-04-01T16:20:51-07:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Ashley Dennis Jean Barman, Iroquois in the West 2020-05-30T06:48:06-07:00 Crystal Fraser 2020-04-01T16:21:15-07:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Crystal Fraser Jason Ellis, A Class by Themselves?: The Origins of Special Education in Toronto and Beyond 2020-05-30T06:48:04-07:00 Jane Gaskell 2020-04-01T16:21:38-07:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Jane Gaskell Jane Griffith, Words Have a Past: The English Language, Colonialism, and the Newspapers of Indian Boarding Schools 2020-05-30T06:48:02-07:00 Scott McLaren 2020-04-01T16:21:59-07:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Scott McLaren Dawn Wallin and Janice Wallace, eds., Transforming Conversations: Feminism and Education in Canada since 1970 2020-05-30T06:47:59-07:00 Pamela Rogers 2020-04-01T16:22:18-07:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Pamela Rogers David A. Gamson, The Importance of Being Urban: Designing the Progressive School District, 1890-1940 2020-05-30T06:47:57-07:00 Campbell F. Scribner 2020-04-01T16:22:44-07:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Campbell Scribner Contributors 2020-05-30T06:47:55-07:00 K. M. Gemmell 2020-04-01T16:24:47-07:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Guidelines for Authors 2020-05-30T06:47:52-07:00 K. M. Gemmell 2020-04-01T18:04:06-07:00 Copyright (c)